Indiana University Bloomington
Workshop on Afro-Eurasian Dry Lands Civilizations

October 17-18, 2012

Free and Open to the Public

Ranging from the Sahara desert through the Middle East and Central Asia, the vast, inner dry lands of the Afro-Eurasian region have played a crucial role throughout human history as the historical heartland of human migration and the flow of material goods.   As maritime trade and transportation rose, though, the prevalence of the region as a major trade and migration route declined and the dry lands area is now one of the poorest regions of the world.   Understanding the history and development of pastoral cultures across the region is key not only to gaining greater insights into human development in general, but also to anticipating and addressing the massive cultural shifts that continuing, and in some cases, rapid economic development will bring.  How have the pastoral cultures in the Afro-Eurasian dry lands adapted to the geographic and ecological demands of an arid region?   What impact do national policies of agricultural and economic development have on nomadic communities?   How do differing ethnic groups within such regions negotiate differences and manage resources?  This workshop will examine these and other issues related to the pastoral communities of the Afro-Eurasian dry lands.


Wednesday, October 17  – Maurer School of Law 213

9:00-9:15          Opening Remarks

9:15-10:45        Introduction to Afro-Eurasian Dry Lands
                                       Shimada Yoshihito, Nagoya University

10:45-11:00       Break

11:00-12:30      World Heritage Preservation and Cultural Conservation - The Case of the Djenne 
                       Mosque Restoration 
                                        Oussouby Sacko, Kyoto Seika University

12:30-1:45         Lunch Break

1:45-3:15          Subsistence Activities Among the Tuareg in Mali
                                      Kaoru Imamura, Nagoya Gakuin University

Multi-ethnic Coexistence in a Swahili Maritime Society as Seen Through Basic 
Ecology and Fishing
Cultures of Kilwa Island, Tanzania
                   Ryo Nakamura, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature

3:15-3:30           Break

3:30-5:00          Monogenesis-Bipolarization of Milk  Culture in the Eurasian Continent
                                    Masahiro Hirata, Obihiro University of Agriculture & Veterinary Medicine

                       Dung Usage in Inner Mongolia Pastoralist Society:  The Naming Systems of 
                       Domesticated Animal Dung

                                   Bao Haiyan, Nagoya University

Thursday, October 18  – Oak Room, Indiana Memorial Union  

 9:00-10:30        Adapting to Drought and the Market Economy of the Sedentarized Mongolian 

                                         Kanako Kodama, Chiba University

                         A Comparison Case Study of the Effect of Degradation of Pastureland for 
                         Grazing Type of Traditional 
Nomadic and Settlement in Mongolian Plateau 
                         using a Zoo-geomorphological Approach

                                     Buho Hoshino, College of Agric, Food & Environment

10:30-10:45       Break

10:45-11:30       Closing Discussion